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tugu1950Situated on the crossroads at the northern and of jalan mangkubumi, the tugu monument was built on the order of sultan Hamengku Buwana I in 1755 to mark the founding of the city of Yogyakarta. Originally 25 meters high, it collapsed during the earthquake of 1867 and was rebuilt 20 years later. The height of the present monument is less than half that of the original one.