Kraton Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat, the Sulatn’s place, is located at the southeren end of jalan Ahmad Yani. The Kraton is the heart of the city of ngayogyakarta and covers an area of one square kilometre surrounded by a wall. It is in a sense a city within the city, housing some 25,000 residents, many of them artisans producting traditional crafts like batik cloth, silver wares, wayang puppets and masks. Construction of the complex began in 1755, following in division of the kingdom of Mataram, and continued for nearly forty years. The Innermost group of buildings, known as Proyekso, is still the private residence of the reigning sultan and his family. Here are kept many ancient pusaka, or sacred heirlooms. The reception hall, Bangsal Kencana, is a beautiful structure displaying exquisitely carved teak pillars and painted rafters. It was completed in 1792. A small museum exhibits some of the palace treasures, including gifts from European monarchs. Outside, in the Sri Manganti courtyard, two pendopo, traditional Javanese open sided buildings, contain four sets of gamelan instruments dating back to the 14th and 15th centuries. Also on view are gilded palanquins and sedan chairs, as well as an ancient bedug, the drum used to call Muslims to prayer.
On the northern and southern sides of the main palace buildings are large grassy areas known as alun-alun. In the middle of each stand two bayan btrees, which are said to guard the Kraton. Today, much of the Kraton is open to the public and Sundays visitors have the opportunity to watch classical dance rehearsals there.